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ʻO kahi uhi no ka hana mana mana lā hiki ke hoʻololi i ka silikone

I kēia manawa, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia kekahi ʻano o ka uhi "kilokilo" e pani i ka "silikona" i ka hana mana lā. Inā kū i ka mākeke, hiki iā ia ke hōʻemi nui i ke kumukūʻai o ka mana o ka lā a lawe i ka ʻenehana i ka hoʻohana maʻamau.

Ke hoʻohana nei i nā paneli o ka lā e komo i nā kukuna o ka lā, a laila ma o ka hopena photovolt, hiki ke hoʻolilo i ka pā o nā kukuna o ka lā i ka ikehu uila - ʻike ʻia kēia ʻo ka hanauna mana lā, e pili ana i nā panela lā o nā mea nui " silikone ".No muli wale nō ia o ke kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka silikona ʻaʻole i lilo ka mana o ka lā i ʻano hana nui o ka hana uila.

Akā i kēia manawa ua hoʻomohala ʻia kekahi ʻano o ka uhi "kilokilo" ma kahi ʻē i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia e pani i ka "silikona" no ka hana mana lā. Inā kū i ka mākeke, hiki iā ia ke hōʻemi i ke kumukūʻai o ka mana o ka lā a lawe i ka ʻenehana i ka hoʻohana maʻamau.

Hoʻohana ʻia ka wai momona ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻouluulu

ʻO kekahi o nā ʻimi noiʻi alakaʻi i ke kahua o ka mana Solar ʻo ia ka MIB-Solar Institute ma ke Kulanui o Milan Bicocca, ʻItalia, kahi e hoʻokolohua nei i kēia manawa me kahi uhi no ka mana Solar i kapa ʻia ʻo DSC Technology. Kū ʻo DSC no ka Solar Cell-sensitized Solar Cell.

ʻO DSC ʻenehana ke kumu nui o ka uhi ʻana o ka mana o ka lā e hoʻohana i ka photosynthesis chlorophyll. ʻ saylelo nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo ka pigment i hana i ka pena e omo i ka lā a hoʻoheheʻe i nā kaʻa uila e hoʻohui i ka ʻōnaehana photoelectric e hana ai i ka uila. E hoʻohana i ka wai o nā ʻano hua like ʻole e hana, kali e like me ka wai o ka wai blueberry, raspberry, ʻulaʻula. ʻO nā kala e kūpono i ka pena he ʻulaʻula a poni.

ʻO ka pūnaewele o ka lā e hele pū me ka uhi. Hoʻohana ia i kahi mīkini paʻi kūikawā e paʻi i ka nanoscale titanium oxide ma luna o kahi anakuhi, a laila hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka pena meaola no 24 mau hola. Ke hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka uhi ma ka titanium oxide, hana ʻia ka pūnaeho o ka lā.

ʻOihana waiwai, maʻalahi, akā kūpono ʻole

Maʻalahi e hoʻouka. ʻIke maʻamau mākou i nā paneli o ka lā i kau ʻia ma luna o nā ʻāpā, nā kaupaku, he ʻāpana wale nō o ka ʻili o kahi hale, akā hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia ka pena hou i nā ʻāpana āpau o ka hale, me ke aniani, no laila ʻoi aku ka nui kūpono no nā keʻena o nā keʻena. I nā mau makahiki i hala aku nei, kūpono ke kaila o waho o nā ʻano hale kiʻekiʻe hou āpau a puni ka honua no kēia ʻano uhi mana ka lā. Lawe i ka UniCredit hale ma Milan ma ke ʻano he laʻana. Noho ka paia o waho i ka hapa nui o ka wahi o ka hale. Inā kāwili ʻia ia me ka pena hanauna mana lā, he kumu kūʻai waiwai ia mai ka manaʻo o ka mālama ikehu.

Ma ke ʻano o ke kumukūʻai, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka "economical" o ka pena no ka hanauna mana ma mua o nā panela. ʻOi aku ka uku o ka uhi ʻana o ka mana o ka lā me ka silikona, ka mea nui no nā panā lā. Hana ʻia ia me ka pena a me ka titanium oxide, ʻO nā mea ʻelua he mea kūʻai aku a hana nui ʻia.

ʻO ka maikaʻi o ka uhi ʻaʻole wale ia he kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa, akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke kaiapuni i hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia ma mua o nā panalā "silicon". Hana ia i nā wā maikaʻi ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​kūlana pouli, e like me ka ua keu a i ka wanaʻao paha.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo kēia ʻano panoe mana lā ka mea nāwaliwali, ʻaʻole ia e like me ka lōʻihi o ka papa "silikone", a ʻo ka haʻahaʻa o ke omo. Loaʻa i nā panalā solar nā makahiki he 25 mau makahiki, wahi a nā kānaka noiʻi. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, nui o nā hana hana ikehu lā i hoʻouka ʻia 30-40 mau makahiki i hala aku nei i kēia lā, ʻoiai ke ola hoʻolālā o ka pena mana lā he 10-15 mau makahiki wale nō; 15 pākēneka ka maikaʻi o nā panakū, a he hapalua ka maikaʻi o ka uhi ʻana o ka uila. ma kahi o 7 pākēneka.

 


Ka manawa Post: Mar-18-2021